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Small antique ca 1820 Order of Christ brooch, in gold ,silver ,diamonds, and garnets.
The Military Order of Christ previously the Royal Order of the Knights of Our Lord Jesus Christ was the heritage of the Knights Templar in Portugal, after the suppression of the Templars in 1312. It was founded in 1319.
Under heavy influence from Philip IV of France, Pope Clement V had the order annihilated throughout France and most of Europe on charges of heresy, but King Denis of Portugal, who found that the Order’s assets should for their nature stay in any given Order instead of being taken by the King, re-instituted the Templars of Tomar as the Order of Christ, largely for their aid during the Reconquista and in the reconstruction of Portugal after the wars. King Denis negotiated with Pope Clement’s successor John XXII for the new order’s recognition and right to inherit the Templar assets and property.
Measurements : 22 x 18 mm